Industrial hemp has been scientifically proven to absorb more CO2 per hectare than any forest or commercial crop and is, therefore, the ideal carbon sink. Also, the CO2 is permanently bonded within the fibre that is used for anything from textiles to paper and as a building material. It is currently being used by BMW in Germany to replace plastics in car construction. It is therefore additional to what would otherwise be grown or sourced from oil. It can be constantly replanted and as such meets permanence criteria as defined by the Kyoto Protocol.
Hemp can be grown on a widespread scale throughout the United Kingdom on nutrient-poor soils and with very small amounts of water using no fertilisers. Hemp can be grown on existing agricultural land (unlike most forestry projects) and can be included as part of a farm’s crop rotation with positive effects on overall yields of follow on crops.
According to Defra, UK Farming emits a total CO2 equivalent of 57 million tonnes in GHG’s. UK agricultural land use is 18.5 million hectares. This amounts to an average of around 3.1 tonnes of CO2 per hectare total embodied emissions. As a low fertiliser and zero pesticide/herbicide crop, with little management input, the carbon emissions of hemp cultivation is well below the average. Therefore we can assume the matter remaining in soils roughly offsets the cultivation and management emissions.
Our own cultivation will see large scale greenhouses with specific enviromentals for each strain we have being prepairing, stabalising and understaning for over 100 harvests to date, Our centers aim to be completely off grid and self sustainable in each operation with 1,000 plant monthly rotation system be developped across multiple strains and greenhouses while providing medical centers and professionals with stable cannabnaoid ratios for paitients needs at the lowest possible prices available.
WE ARE OPEN FOR CONTRACTS
Not everyone has the capabilities or organisational framework to cultivate cannabis, planned out and with the laws at a breaking point economically to allow and relax laws, or even when our charitable application is accepted, our licencing funding and capabilities start instantly and therefore will depend on cultivating companies and organisations to be our initial aspects of business like ours to supplement their customer basses. while ensuring that we have the capabilities to further cultivate and produce millions of trees globally.
Our operations currently are only available via contract, and we are capable of creating initial contracts to help our business operations and our applications while going through the processes of registration, speak to one of our sales team to find out more about how we can cater for your needs.
The science behind hemp as a carbon sink
One hectare of industrial hemp can absorb 22 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. It is possible to grow to 2 crops per year so the absorption is doubled. Hemps rapid growth (grows to 4 metres in 100 days) makes it one of the fastest CO2-to-biomass conversion tools available, more efficient than agro-forestry.
Biomass is produced by the photosynthetic conversion of atmospheric carbon. The carbon uptake of hemp can be accurately validated annually by calculations derived from dry weight yield. Highly accurate figures for total biomass yield and carbon uptake can then be made, giving a level of certainty not available through any other natural carbon absorption process.
The following carbon uptake estimates are calculated by examining the carbon content of the molecules that make up the fibres of the hemp stem. Industrial hemp stem consists primarily of Cellulose, Hemicellulose and Lignin, whose chemical structure, carbon content (and therefore absorbed CO2) are as follows.
• Cellulose is 70% of stem dry weight. Cellulose is a homogeneous linear polymer constructed of repeating glucose units. The carbon content of cellulose accounts for 45% of its molecular mass. • Hemicellulose is 22% of stem dry weight. Hemicellulose provides a linkage between cellulose & lignin. It has a branched structure consisting of various pentose sugars. • Lignin is 6% of stem dry weight. Lignin is a strengthening material usually located between the cellulose microfibrils. The lignin molecule has a complex structure that is probably always variable.
To summarise the above, one tonne of harvested stem contains:
• 0.7 tonnes of cellulose (45% Carbon)
• 0.22 tonnes of hemicellulose (48% Carbon
• 0.06 tonnes of lignin (40% Carbon)
It follows that every tonne of industrial hemp stems contains 0.445 tonnes of Carbon absorbed from the atmosphere (44.46% of stem dry weight).Converting Carbon to CO2 (12T of C equals 44T of CO2(IPCC)), that represents 1.63 tonnes of CO2 absorption per tonne of UK Hemp stem harvested. On a land use basis, using Hemcore’s yield averages (5.5 to 8 T/ha), this represents 8.9 to 13.4 tonnes of CO2 absorption per hectare of UK Hemp Cultivation.
For the purposes of estimation, we use an average figure of 10T/ha of CO2 absorption, a figure we hold to be a reasonably conservative estimate. This is used to predict carbon yields, but CO2 offsets will be based on dry weight yields as measured at the weighbridge.
The roots and leaf mulch (not including the hard to measure fibrous root material) left in situ represented approximately 20% of the mass of the harvested material in HGS’ initial field trials. The resulting Carbon content absorbed but remaining in the soil, will therefore be approximately 0.084 tonnes per tonne of harvested material. (42% w/w) (5).
Yield estimates are (5.5 – 8 T/ha) this represents 0.46 to 0.67 tonnes of carbon per hectare (based on UK statistics) absorbed but left in situ after Hemp cultivation.
That represents 1.67 to 2.46 T/ha of CO2 absorbed but left in situ per hectare of UK Hemp Cultivation. Final figures after allowing 16% moisture (Atmospheric ‘dry’ weight) are as follows:-
CO2 Absorbed per tonne of hemp stem 1.37t
CO2 Absorbed per hectare (stem) (UK) 7.47 to 11.25t
CO2 Absorbed per hectare (root and leaf) UK) 1.40 to 2.06t
Phytoremediation is a term applied to a group of technologies that use plants to
reduce, remove, degrade or immobilise environmental toxins, primarily those of anthropogenic origin.
By using a number of plants including various sub species of cannabis, our own organic matter and our own beneficial microbes building and restoring soil ecosystems, we can repair and build any soil.
Destroying forests and woodlands, even those managed for felling to make paper, timber and other building supplies, we find often lacks correct manamagent and needs outway supplies available. Why? Greed.
Sustainability comes to mind in regards to building. It is a major form of biodiversity loss and one we aim to fight against with our conservation efforts, but along with that is sustainable building materials. Our hemp cultivation aims to create just that.
Hemp Bio fuels
Hemp is capable of producing two types of fuel; hemp ethanol and hemp biodiesel. The biodiesel is produced from the oil of hemp seeds while the ethanol is made from its fermented stalk. Both types of fuel are expected to replace other plant-derived biofuels that have been compromising the planet and cause the destruction of some natural resources.
One of the best things about hemp is that it grows really fast and produces an extremely high amount of yield compared to other crops that are being made into fuel.
We won’t be ignorant to profit, we need it to ensure our charitable purposes can be fulfilled and ensure progress is in line with our vision, By ensuring that funding/donations are used specifically for what they are donated for we are confident every area of our operations are self-sustainable while in time our cannabis cultivation will provide further land to convert.
Cannabis first and foremost is a plant with over 800 various compounds noted thorough its species amongst those are cannabinoids, most notable is thc and cbd.
These bind to the cb1 and cb2 receptors located all over every vertebrate’s body, that includes humans and various cannabinoid ratios under a specific dosage will provide medicinal benefits to the user’s weather oral drops, infused foods, or just vaping it.
Being educated and taught about cannabis is a social nightmare lets discuss “Strain names” and I’ll leave that argument there. What is a strain? it is a phenotype of one of the following.
Cannabis Sativa var. Indica
Cannabis Sativa var. Sativa
Cannabis sativa var. ruderalis
We do aim to provide and start using correct botanical terminologies to discuss and make the cannabis plant more known, how to grow it, why to grow it. and ensuring that people walk away with the abilities to further understand the cannabis plant.